trout are found, so are midges. They can be an important food
source for trout on all waters. Anglers may overlook them in favor
of larger insects, or they may refuse to believe that trout would
rise to any insect so tiny, but trout like midges-big time. Get
over avoiding fishing their minute imitations. Learn their habits,
and with proper presentation strategies you, too, will be taking
big rising trout on small midge patterns.
Members of the Chironomidae species
can range in size from the huge #l2 midges on Hebgen
Lake to the tiny #26 green midges successfully fished on the
Midges are most important during
their emergence, when fish rise to pupae and crippled adults.
On some waters mating clusters can also be important.
Because they emerge year-round,
you must be prepared to fish midges at all times. The actual
presence of midges on the water is the best clue that trout
are rising to them.
Lakes, ponds, and sloughs are
rich with midges, which are near the top of the list of insects
that rising trout might be feeding on. On streams the importance
of midges usually varies with the season. The summer months
bring on caddis, mayflies, and stoneflies, moving midges to
near the bottom of the list of favored trout insects.
From late fall into the spring
season, however, midges may be the only aquatic insect emerging.
Midges are two-winged flies that
come in a variety of sizes and colors. They can emerge on all
waters any time of the day and season. Be
prepared with imitations of pupae and crippled adults and you
will catch trout on midges.
Good fly patterns for midges
are #10-26 Fur Midge Pupae, Serendipities, Zelon Midge Emergers,
Cooper Bugs, Zelon Midges, Midge Clumps, and Griffith's Gnats.
Fly Fishing Strategies